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Frequently asked questions about COVID-19 testing

When it comes to your health, it’s important to have all the answers. Read on for more detailed answers to some of the most common questions about COVID-19 testing.

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談到你的健康時,有所有答案都很重要。閱讀有關Covid-19測試的一些最常見問題的更詳細答案。

關於Covid-19

COVID-19 (formally known as 2019-nCoV) is the name for the respiratory syndrome caused by infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The World Health Organization has declared COVID-19 a pandemic.

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Covid-19(正式稱為2019-NCOV)是由嚴重急性呼吸綜合征冠狀病毒2(SARS-COV-2)感染引起的呼吸綜合征的名稱。這世界衛生組織已宣布Covid-19大流行。

Symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, loss of smell, coughing, sore throat, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, feeling weak or lethargic, chills, muscle pain, lightheadedness or dizziness, headache, vomiting or diarrhea, slurred speech, and/or seizures.

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offers many resources on COVID-19, including symptoms.

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The symptoms of COVID-19 can be very similar to other respiratory infections like influenza or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). So different tests are available to help determine which illness is making you sick.

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covid-19的症狀包括發燒,味道喪失,咳嗽,喉嚨痛,呼吸急促或呼吸困難,感覺弱或昏昏欲睡,寒風,肌肉疼痛,頭暈,頭痛,嘔吐或腹瀉,和/或癲癇發作。

疾病控製和預防中心(CDC)在Covid-19上提供許多資源,包括症狀。

Covid-19的症狀可以與流感或呼吸合胞病毒(RSV)等其他呼吸道感染非常相似。因此,不同的測試可以幫助確定哪些疾病會讓你生病。

If you suspect you may have COVID-19, contact your doctor or an authorized healthcare provider immediately for guidance. Your healthcare provider can review your symptoms to determine what testing is appropriate. If COVID-19 diagnostic testing for active infection makes sense for you, your healthcare provider will direct you where to get tested. Diagnostic testing includes collecting your samples (for example, nose or throat swab). Your respiratory samples will be sent to Quest for advanced testing to determine if you are positive for COVID-19 or not.

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如果您懷疑您可能有Covid-19,請立即聯係您的醫生或授權醫療保健提供商以進行指導。您的醫療保健提供者可以查看您的症狀以確定什麼是適當的測試。如果Covid-19有效感染的診斷測試對您有意義,您的醫療保健提供者將指示您在哪裏進行測試。診斷測試包括收集樣品(例如,鼻子或喉嚨拭子)。您的呼吸樣本將被發送到追求先進的測試,以確定您是否對Covid-19是正麵的。

You are considered "recovered" from COVID-19 and no longer infectious if it has been at least 10 days from start of your first symptoms, and at least 24 hours without a fever, and all other symptoms have improved.

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Additionally, an antibody test may be able to detect if you have previously had an infection and already recovered—even if you never experienced symptoms. Detecting antibodies indicates you may possibly have a lower risk of getting COVID-19 again. However, more research is needed because it is not yet known how long antibodies will last after infection and whether antibodies offer short- and/or long-term protection against getting infected again.a

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您被認為從Covid-19恢複“,如果它從您的第一個症狀開始至少10天,並且至少24小時沒有發燒,並且所有其他症狀都有改善。

另外,抗體試驗可能能夠檢測您以前是否有感染並且已經恢複 - 即使您從未經曆過症狀。檢測抗體表明您可能會再次獲得Covid-19的風險較低。然而,需要更多的研究,因為尚不知道感染後持續的抗體的持續時間是多長的抗體以及抗體是否能夠再次感染。一種

Quest Covid-19測試選項

Yes. Quest is one of the labs processing the complex COVID-19 testing during this public health emergency.

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For diagnosis of an active COVID-19 infection, check if you’re eligible for a $0 out-of-pocket test. Testing and sample collection are available at a variety of locations, including Walmart® pharmacy drive-thrus and other participating retail locations. Those without any COVID-19 symptoms also have the option of going to select Quest Patient Service Centers. Appointments are required at all locations. If you are not eligible or want the convenience of testing at home, purchase an at-home kit through QuestDirect. Learn more about active infection testing.

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Current COVID-19 infections may also be detected with a rapid antigen test. Results are typically ready in just 15 to 30 minutes. See if you’re eligible to schedule an appointment for $0 out-of-pocket testing. Limited availability. Testing is for ages 2+, regardless of symptoms. Learn more about rapid antigen testing.

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If your healthcare provider is unsure what is causing your respiratory symptoms, they may recommend a COVID-19 and Flu or a COVID-19, Flu, and RSV combination test. A single sample is collected via nasal swab to be tested for multiple viral infections. The test results of this combination test will rule in or rule out each of the viral infections. Learn more about the COVID-19 + flu panel or the COVID-19, Flu, and RSV test.

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If you may have already been exposed to COVID-19, you may be eligible for antibody testing. To get tested for COVID-19 antibodies, you can order the test for yourself via QuestDirect. This allows you to get tested without waiting to go your doctor first. Or, you can reach out to your doctor or healthcare provider and have them submit an order for your test. Learn more about antibody testing options.

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是的。任務是在公共健康緊急情況下處理複雜Covid-19測試的實驗室之一。

用於診斷活性Covid-19感染, check if you’re eligible for a$ 0超出口袋測試。Testing and sample collection are available at a variety of locations, including Walmart® pharmacy drive-thrus and other participating retail locations. Those without any COVID-19 symptoms also have the option of going to select Quest Patient Service Centers. Appointments are required at all locations. If you are not eligible or want the convenience of testing at home, purchase an at-home kit throughQuestDirect.。學習更多關於主動感染測試

目前的Covid-19也可以用a檢測快速抗原測試。結果通常在15至30分鍾內準備好。看看您是否有資格安排預約$ 0超出口袋測試ing。有限的可用率。無論症狀如何,測試都是2歲以上的。學習更多關於快速抗原測試

如果您的醫療保健提供者不確定導致呼吸係統症狀的原因,他們可能推薦Covid-19和流感或Covid-19,流感和RSV組合測試。通過鼻拭子收集單個樣品以測試多種病毒感染。該組合測試的測試結果將規定或排除每個病毒感染。了解更多關於的信息Covid-19 +流感麵板或者Covid-19,流感和RSV測試

如果您可能已經接觸到Covid-19,您可能有資格獲得抗體測試。要對Covid-19抗體進行測試,您可以通過您自己訂購測試QuestDirect.。這允許您在不等待首先去看醫生的情況下進行測試。或者,您可以聯係到您的醫生或醫療保健提供者,並讓他們提交您的測試訂單。學習更多關於抗體測試options

The symptoms of COVID-19 can be very similar to other respiratory infections like influenza or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). So different combination tests are available to help determine which illness is making you sick. There is 1 combination test for COVID-19 and Flu, and another combination test for COVID-19, the Flu, and RSV.

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With just 1 combination test, you and your doctor can determine if you have COVID-19, the flu, or RSV. It eliminates the need for multiple tests or doctor visits, and can help you get the right treatment plan as soon as possible.

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The co-testing approach helps increase testing capacity, especially during the busy flu season, and speeds up the time to a diagnosis.

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Covid-19的症狀可以與流感或呼吸合胞病毒(RSV)等其他呼吸道感染非常相似。So different combination tests are available to help determine which illness is making you sick. There is 1 combination test forCovid-19和流感和另一種組合測試Covid-19,流感和RSV

隻需1個組合測試,您和您的醫生可以確定您是否有Covid-19,流感或RSV。它消除了對多項測試或醫生訪問的需求,可以幫助您盡快獲得合適的治療計劃。

共同測試方法有助於提高測試能力,特別是在繁忙的流感季節,並加快診斷時間。

Lab test accuracy is measured in two ways—specificity and sensitivity. The antibody tests currently offered by Quest Diagnostics have specificity values of 99.6% to 100% which keeps false positive results to a minimum. The antibody test sensitivity values are approximately 90% to 100%.

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Quest’s antibody tests have met robust validation standards and have been granted Emergency Use Authorizations (EUA) by the FDA for public health and clinical use. It is not yet known how effective this test is at detecting antibodies in those that have been vaccinated. Additionally, how long antibodies remain detectable after infection or vaccination and how long protection, if any, may last is also not known. The results of this test should not be interpreted as an indication of degree of immunity or protection.

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Additionally, Quest verifies the tests using strict criteria for precision, reproducibility, accuracy, method comparison, cross-reactivity, and clinical performance.

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The active infection (molecular) tests currently performed by Quest have been validated for FDA Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for the current pandemic. However, no COVID-19 active infection tests have clinical sensitivity and specificity data at this time. Learn more about the analytical validation studies to earn FDA EUA designation.

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It is important to note that rapid antigen tests are less accurate than molecular tests, so your doctor may recommend a molecular test when your antigen test result does not make sense with your symptoms and exposure history. For example, when the antigen test says you are infected but you do not have symptoms (and have not been exposed recently). Another example is when your antigen test says you are not infected but you have symptoms. Rapid antigen tests have their best accuracy within 7 days of symptoms starting. Accuracy and the clinical significance of results beyond the 7 days is not known.

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實驗室測試精度以兩種方式測量特異性和靈敏度。目前由Quest Diagnostics提供的抗體測試具有99.6%至100%的特異性值,這將假陽性結果保持在最低。抗體試驗敏感值約為90%至100%。

Quest’s antibody tests have met robust validation standards and have been granted Emergency Use Authorizations (EUA) by the FDA for public health and clinical use. It is not yet known how effective this test is at detecting antibodies in those that have been vaccinated. Additionally, how long antibodies remain detectable after infection or vaccination and how long protection, if any, may last is also not known. The results of this test should not be interpreted as an indication of degree of immunity or protection.

此外,任務使用嚴格的標準來驗證測試,以獲得精度,再現性,準確性,方法比較,交叉反應性和臨床性能。

目前通過任務進行的活性感染(分子)測試已被驗證為目前大流行的FDA緊急使用授權(EUA)驗證。但是,在此時沒有Covid-19活性感染測試具有臨床敏感性和特異性數據。了解更多關於的信息一種nalytical validation studies to earn FDA EUA designation

值得注意的是,快速抗原試驗比分子試驗更低,所以您的醫生可能會在您的抗原測試結果與您的症狀和曝光史沒有意義上進行分子測試。例如,當抗原測試表明您被感染但您沒有症狀(最近尚未暴露)。另一個例子是當你的抗原測試說你沒有感染,但你有症狀。快速抗原試驗在症狀的7天內具有最佳準確性。在7天之後的結果的準確性和臨床意義尚不清楚。

If you suspect you have COVID-19 or were recently in contact with someone who had it, a swab test can tell you whether you have an active infection. Knowing if you currently have COVID-19 gives you the information you need to self-isolate and protect everyone around you.

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If you suspect that you had a recent or prior COVID-19 infection, even if you never showed signs of being sick, you can take an antibody blood test to confirm prior infection.

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Understanding your antibody status also gives you and your healthcare provider the insight to make an informed decision about returning to activity. Other reasons why it’s beneficial to know if you are positive for COVID-19 antibodies include:

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  • Track evidence of your antibodies over time
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  • Encouraging those you were in contact with to talk to their doctor about getting tested
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  • Reducing the need to be monitored and retested for COVID-19 infection
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  • Donating plasma for those who are seriously ill from COVID-19 Learn how to donate plasma
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  • Doing your part to slow the spread of the virus by being counted in global pandemic statistics
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如果您懷疑您有Covid-19或者最近與擁有它的人聯係,拭子測試可以告訴您是否有活躍的感染。了解您目前是否擁有Covid-19,為您提供自隔離的信息,並保護您周圍的每個人。

如果您懷疑您有最近或先前的Covid-19感染,即使您從未表現出生病的跡象,您也可以服用抗體驗血以確認先前感染。

了解您的抗體狀態也使您和您的醫療保健提供者能夠了解返回活動的知情決定。其他原因為什麼知道你是否對Covid-19抗體是陽性的有益,包括:

  • 跟蹤您的抗體的證據隨著時間的推移
  • 鼓勵那些你接觸的人與他們的醫生聯係在他們的醫生上關於獲得測試
  • 減少需要監測和重新測試的Covid-19感染
  • 為那些從Covid-19重病的人提供血漿學習如何捐贈等離子體
  • 通過在全球大流行統計數據中估計,盡力減緩病毒的傳播

Typically, the quickest way to get your test results is having them sent to you automatically through your secure MyQuest online portal. If you don’t already have a MyQuest account, signing up is free and easy.

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通常,獲得測試結果的最快方法是通過您的安全MyQuest在線門戶自動發送給您。如果您還沒有MyQuest帳戶,報名是免費的,容易。

Yes.

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Testing for an active COVID-19 infection can be purchased online through QuestDirect. If you order with QuestDirect, you can get an at-home collection kit delivered to you or make an appointment at a drive-thru collection site.

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Testing for COVID-19 antibodies can be purchased online through QuestDirect. Once the test is purchased, you can make an appointment at a Quest patient service center if you have been symptom-free for at least 10 days.

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The cost of tests through QuestDirect cannot be submitted to health insurance.

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是的。

可以通過在線購買有源Covid-19感染的測試QuestDirect.。如果您與QuestDirect訂購,您可以獲得送給您的AT-Home Collection套件或在驅動器上收集網站預約。

Covid-19抗體的測試可以在線購買QuestDirect.。購買測試後,如果您的症狀至少10天,您可以在任務患者服務中心預約。

通過QuestDirect的測試成本不能提交給健康保險。

Pooling is a testing technique that allows the lab to mix a portion of several patient samples together (up to 4 in the Quest test) to create one “pooled” sample for testing. If the pooled sample is negative, that indicates all the patient samples are negative. If the pooled sample is positive (or invalid/inconclusive), then each patient sample is tested again individually to identify which is positive. Pooling helps labs get more testing done faster. It is useful for testing groups of people that are unlikely to have a high number of positive results. For example, pooling is used by blood banks to test blood donations for a variety of viruses. Pooling and other lab innovations have increased Quest’s ability to meet the demand for COVID-19 testing across the country.

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池是一種測試技術,允許實驗室將幾個患者樣品的一部分混合在一起(最多4個在任務測試中)以創建一個“彙集”樣本進行測試。如果彙集的樣本為陰性,則表示所有患者樣本是負的。如果彙集的樣本是陽性的(或無效/不確定),則每次患者樣品再次測試以識別哪個是正的。彙集幫助實驗室獲得更多的測試更快。它對於測試不太可能具有大量積極結果的人群是有用的。例如,血庫使用彙集來測試各種病毒的獻血。彙集和其他實驗室創新增加了追求全國對Covid-19測試的需求的能力。

Yes, our COVID-19 molecular (eg, PCR) tests can currently identify COVID-19 infections regardless of strain, including the Omicron variant.

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Test results will indicate whether an individual is currently infected with COVID-19 but will not indicate variant. 

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Yes, our COVID-19 molecular (eg, PCR) tests can currently identify COVID-19 infections regardless of strain, including the Omicron variant.

測試結果將指示個人目前是否感染Covid-19,但不會表示變體。

Peace of mind at Quest locations

It depends on the type of test you need.

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Testing for active COVID-19 infection is not performed at Quest patient service centers. If you suspect you have COVID-19, check if you’re eligible for a $0 out-of-pocket active infection or rapid antigen test. If you are not eligible or want the convenience of testing at home, purchase an active infection at-home kit through QuestDirect. Active infection and rapid antigen testing includes collecting your test sample, usually through a nose or throat swab. Those respiratory samples are then sent to Quest labs to process the tests.

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Testing to distinguish between COVID-19 infection and influenza is not performed at Quest patient service centers. If you are unsure if your symptoms are due to COVID-19 or flu, your healthcare provider may collect a single sample via nasal swab to be tested for both influenza A and B, as well as COVID-19.

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Testing for COVID-19 antibodies can be performed at Quest patient service centers with an appointment if you have been symptom-free for at least 10 days. You must have a doctor’s order or purchase the test through QuestDirect to make an appointment for COVID-19 antibody testing.

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It depends on the type of test you need.

在Quest患者服務中心沒有進行活性Covid-19感染的測試。如果您懷疑您有Covid-19,請檢查您是否有資格獲得$ 0超出口袋活性感染或快速抗原試驗。如果您不符合條件或希望在家中測試的便利性,請通過Home Kit購買積極的感染QuestDirect.。活躍感染和快速抗原測試includes collecting your test sample, usually through a nose or throat swab. Those respiratory samples are then sent to Quest labs to process the tests.

Testing to distinguish between COVID-19 infection and influenza is not performed at Quest patient service centers. If you are unsure if your symptoms are due to COVID-19 or flu, your healthcare provider may collect a single sample via nasal swab to be tested for both influenza A and B, as well as COVID-19.

如果您已有至少10天的症狀,可以在任務患者服務中心進行Covid-19抗體的測試。您必須有醫生的訂單或通過購買測試QuestDirect.預約Covid-19抗體測試。

Quest has strong safety procedures in place at all times. These protect patients and employees from coming into contact with any infectious diseases. During the COVID-19 public health crisis, we have taken more precautions with our new Peace of Mind program that makes it easier to access the testing you need from Quest.

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Peace of Mind measures include:

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  • Providing gloves to patients to use touchscreen kiosks
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  • Requiring face masks for all patients and employees, even if you got the COVID-19 vaccine
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  • Encouraging online scheduling
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  • Offering a text alert option that allows patients to wait for appointments outside
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  • Limiting the number of people, prioritizing appointments, and spacing out chairs in waiting rooms
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Also, patients who suspect they have active COVID-19 should not come to our Patient Service Centers. They should contact their doctor or an authorized healthcare provider.

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任務在任何時候都有強大的安全程序。這些保護患者和員工與任何傳染病接觸。在Covid-19公共衛生危機期間,我們新的預防措施安心計劃that makes it easier to access the testing you need from Quest.

努力的措施包括:

  • Providing gloves to patients to use touchscreen kiosks
  • Requiring face masks for all patients and employees, even if you got the COVID-19 vaccine
  • Encouraging online scheduling
  • 提供文本提醒選項,允許患者等待外麵的約會
  • 限製人數,優先考慮約會,以及候診室中的椅子

此外,懷疑他們有活躍的Covid-19的患者應該not來我們的患者服務中心。他們應該聯係他們的醫生或授權的醫療保健提供者。

Yes, Quest has a history of providing advanced infectious disease testing during public health emergencies. Quest was the first national commercial provider to offer Zika and 2009 H1N1 influenza testing, which was emergency-use authorized by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Today, Quest brings that same level of urgency and care to COVID-19 testing for you and your family. Learn more about infectious disease testing.

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是的,任務在公共衛生緊急情況下有曆史提供先進的傳染病測試。任務是第一個提供Zika和2009 H1N1流感測試的國家商業提供商,該試驗是由美國食品和藥物管理局(FDA)授權的緊急使用。今天,Quest帶來了與您和您的家人的Covid-19測試相同的緊迫感和護理。學習更多關於傳染病測試

Yes. Quest has steadily increased COVID-19 testing capacity to meet the growing demand from patients, hospitals, and healthcare providers in our communities.

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是的。任務穩步提高了Covid-19測試能力,以滿足我們社區中患者,醫院和醫療保健提供者的日益增長的需求。


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Explore COVID-19 test options

一種Positive results with the antibody test may occur after COVID-19 vaccination, but the clinical significance is not yet known. How long antibodies remain detectable after infection or vaccination and how long protection, if any, may last is not yet known. The results of this test should not be interpreted as an indication of degree of immunity or protection.

B.快速抗原試驗比分子試驗不太準確,因此當您的抗原試驗結果沒有意識到您的症狀和曝光史時,您的醫生可能會推薦分子測試。例如,當抗原測試說你被感染時,但你沒有症狀(最近沒有暴露)。另一個例子是當你的抗原測試說你沒有感染,但你有症狀。快速抗原試驗在症狀的7天內具有最佳準確性。在7天之後的結果的準確性和臨床意義尚不清楚。

COVID-19 testing statements

  • 抗體試驗,分子試驗和抗原試驗(一起“所有測試”)尚未被FDA清除或批準;
  • 所有測試已由FDA授權歐盟以授權實驗室使用;
  • 抗體試驗僅授權用於檢測針對SARS-COV-2的IgG抗體,而不是任何其他病毒或病原體;
  • Covid-19的分子試驗已被授權僅用於從SARS-COV-2檢測核酸,而不是任何其他病毒或病原體;
  • 這Covid-19和流感測試has been authorized only for the simultaneous qualitative detection and differentiation of nucleic acid from SARS-CoV-2, influenza A virus, and influenza B virus, and not for any other viruses or pathogens; and
  • Covid-19,流感和RSV測試僅針對來自SARS-COV-2,流感A,流感B和呼吸合胞病毒(RSV)的核酸同時定性檢測和分化,而不是任何其他病毒或病原體;
  • 抗原試驗已被授權用於檢測來自SARS-COV-2的蛋白質,而不是任何其他病症或病原體;和
  • 所有測試僅授權宣布持續時間,情況存在證明在第564(b)(b)(1)條第564(b)(b)(1)條第564(b)(1)條第564(b)(1)條第564(b)(b)(b)(1)條第564(b)(b)(1)條規定的授權授權。§360bbb-3(b)(1),除非授權迅速終止或撤銷。

關於FDA緊急使用授權(EUA)狀態

該測試已由FDA授權在緊急使用授權(EUA)下。這意味著,雖然Quest Diagnostics已驗證測試並具有數據以相信測試和收集套件準確,但該測試尚未被FDA清除或批準;該測試已由FDA授權,以授權實驗室使用的EUA;該試驗僅用於檢測針對SARS-COV-2的IgG抗體,而不是任何其他病症或病原體;並且,該測試僅授權宣布的持續時間,即在第564(b)(b)(b)(b)(b)(b)(b)(b)(b)(1)條第21條第564(b)(b)(b)(b)(b)(1)條第564(b)(b)(b)(1)條第564(b)(b)(1)條第564(b)(b)(b)(b)(b)(1)條第564(b)(b)(b)(b)(1)條第564(b)(b)(b)(b)(1)條第564(B)(1)條第564(B)(1)條的情況下授權授權。U.S.C. § 360BBB-3(B)(1), unless the authorization is terminated or revoked sooner. Additional studies need to be conducted for this test and others like it to be FDA cleared or approved.

預約

對於最方便的時間和地點來說,很容易安排。

Schedule now

與你的醫生討論

不管你的測試結果,你應該討論your results with your doctor and continue to follow any safety precautions recommended by public health experts. This can help you and your community better manage the risks and benefits of resuming daily activities.

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